This is partly for my own benefit, partly for yours. Here I will write down and explain the different parts of a knife’s blade and handle. (Photo Credit: Wikipedia)
1: Is the blade, and
2 is the handle.
#3:The Point of the blade, normally very well sharpened, as it is one of the most functional parts of the blade, as it is first part of the blade to impact, and must be designed to slide cleanly through whatever it is stabbing.
#4: The Edge. This is the little angle that extends all along the length of the blade, and at a different angle from the Grind, it is normally created by sharpening. This part does the cutting.
#5: The Grind, the part that forms the main angle of the blade. The edge cuts into a surface, the grind separates them apart. The grind can be hollow, straight, or convex.
#6:The Spine, on the back of the blade. This is the thickest, softest part of the blade; thick and soft as it is not being used to hold an edge, but needs to be thick so as not to snap under pressure.
#7:The Fuller. This part is normally used in larger knives and swords, to reduce weight. With a fuller, a sword can be 20% to 35% lighter. Often, though in Civil war swords, the fuller is used (look away, this may get a little… graphic) so reduce suction when stabbed into the enemy. Without a fuller, the blade could get stuck between the enemy’s ribs, and that’s not good.
#8: The Ricasso, the section between the grind and the guard that is unangled, often just for looks and stabilization.
#9:The Guard, often made of brass for decoration, to help the hand fit better and more stable on the handle, as well as to protect the hand from debris or other objects.
#10: The Pin, keeps the handle stabilized and still, and along with epoxy holds the handle material to the tang. #11: The Lanyard, a thick string to hold onto the wrist and help keep the knife from slipping from the hand.
Okay, these are not in the photo, I just added them as things one must know.
#12: The Tang. This is the part of the blade that extends into the handle, to which the handle is fastened. It can be either a stick tang, which is just a thin stick that protrudes into the wooden handle from the blade, or a full tang, where the tang follows the full shape of the handle, to which a piece of wood is attached on either side. In the Full Tang, the tang is visible from both the top and bottom of the handle, and in the Stick Tang, the tang is not visible at all.
#13: The Handle Material. This is the thick part of the handle that attaches to the tang, normally using a Pin. Common handle material is made of wood, horn, antler, synthetic woods, plastic, or patterned metal.